老鼠与鼹鼠 2

週二, 六月 5. 2012

話說道長家的老鼠相當沒有待客之道,讓本來就視障的鼴鼠吃盡了尷尬,欲哭無淚。風骨不能吃那排骨有嗎,鼴鼠又問。排骨沒有,聽說這家主人是素食主義,老鼠答。那這兒到底有甚麼是能吃的呢,鼴鼠幾近絕望。好像有點咖啡豆,巴西產的,我幫你找找吧,老鼠說。咖啡豆能吃飽嗎,鼴鼠又問,它對老鼠的話不太信任了。應該可以吧,我曾經在某本教科書上讀到過「鼠食巴豆,三年重三十斤」。啊!世上真有那麼強大的豆類?三十斤重的鼴鼠能有甚麼作為嗎?鼴鼠驚嘆道。有的,老鼠正色道,你可以留在城裡當地鐵工人。

老鼠與鼴鼠

週日, 六月 3. 2012

某天道長家的老鼠請了一只鄉下來的鼴鼠到他家去找吃的。這兒好吃的可多了,你隨便啃吧,說罷老鼠就顧自己吃去了,良久鼴鼠那兒傳來痛苦的哀嚎聲,老鼠啊,你到底發現甚麼好吃的了,老鼠回答,"Born to Run: A Hidden Tribe, Superathletes, and the Greatest Race the World Has Never Seen"。鼴鼠說,我英文不好,你說中文行嗎,我實在餓死了。出於同情,老鼠走到鼴鼠跟前,靠,你很瞎,瞧瞧你挑了本甚麼書--- 「士人風骨」。

登山小火車

週六, 四月 21. 2012

某次在喜馬拉雅山里一個產茶區坐登山小火車,同車的除了我和一個素不相識的日本男生之外都是當地農民,火車一路Z字形登高,突然半途息火,就我對當地人效率的理解這一拋錨沒有一年半載是不會有下文的,正當我準備昏昏睡去時,不知從哪兒來了一雙手把一個兩三個月大的嬰兒塞在我懷裡,嚇了我一大跳,環顧四周,車廂是空的,除了最後排的日本人外所有的當地人都到山路邊蹲著討論問題了,也不知道誰是小孩的爹媽。這些人膽子也太大了吧,一句話都沒有就把自己的小孩就這麼隨便丟給一個路人甲這種事是我打出生以來就未曾見識過的,良久,我才從這麼種「創傷」中領悟到,這些人恐怕壓根就沒把我當外國人青少年或觀光客看,他們看我就是個普通的女人,而所有的女人也都有照顧他人小朋友的義務和天性。

Killer Joke 2

週三, 四月 4. 2012

Bond, James Bond
Jack, Lumber Jack

回到咖啡的原點

週一, 三月 19. 2012

http://commentshk.blogspot.com/2012/03/blog-post_16.html

Dark matter galaxy hints seen 10bn light-years away

週四, 一月 19. 2012

Astronomers have spotted a "dwarf" galaxy some 10 billion light-years away which may be made mostly of the mysterious material called dark matter.

The dwarf was found using a technique called gravitational lensing. It is only the second dark dwarf ever seen, and it is by far the most distant.

The fact that so few dwarf galaxies are seen in our own cosmic neighbourhood has remained a conundrum in astronomy.

The study in Nature could explain it: they may be overwhelmingly dark matter.


[img]http://news.bbcimg.co.uk/media/images/57965000/jpg/_57965220_57965219.jpg[/img]

The light bent by a dark-matter-dominated galaxy can form what is known as an "Einstein ring"


Dwarf galaxies often occur in the periphery of larger galaxies, where they are known as satellites - the Milky Way may have many as well.

"According to the theory of galaxy formation, you'd expect thousands of these satellites," explained lead author of the study Simona Vegetti of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

"But if you look at the Milky Way we only find 30, so it's important to understand how many satellites are really there, and important to look at other galaxies other than the Milky Way," she told BBC News.

That will help determine if our cosmic neighbourhood of galaxies - the Local Group - is unusual, or if the theory of galaxy formation is incomplete.

Massive question
Dark matter is so named because it does not interact with light - it cannot be seen directly, as the stars and dust of the cosmos can.

However, it does have mass - making up 85% of the mass in the Universe - and the effects of that mass can be spotted.

Gravitational lensing is a technique in which an object that lies between Earth and a distant light source can actually act as a "lens"; the object's mass bends the distant galaxy's light, magnifying and distorting it.

By using computer models of how that magnification and distortion should work, the mass of the lensing galaxy - and where that mass is distributed - can be determined.

Gravity acting across vast distances does not seem to explain what astronomers see
Galaxies, for example, should fly apart; some other mass must be there holding them together
Astrophysicists have thus postulated "dark matter" - invisible to us but clearly acting on galactic scales
At the greatest distances, the Universe's expansion is accelerating
Thus we have also "dark energy" which acts to drive the expansion, in opposition to gravity
The current theory holds that 73% of the Universe is dark energy, 23% is dark matter, and just 4% the kind of matter we know well
The technique was recently used to develop the widest view of dark matter distribution in the Universe ever produced.

Dr Vegetti and colleagues in the US and the Netherlands have now used the Keck telescope in Hawaii to study the lensing caused by a distant elliptical galaxy called JVAS B1938+666.

They found a discrepancy in comparing with the image that their detailed computer model suggested should come from the system.

Something with a mass about 200,000,000 times that of our Sun is in the periphery of the image they see.

Yet that source of mass is not visible in the image of the galaxy itself.

"It's very hard to tell at the moment because the telescopes are just not powerful enough to see such dim galaxies so far away," Dr Vegetti said.

"But [the dwarf galaxy] is most likely dominated by dark matter, or maybe there are a few stars hiding here and there."

The team must continue the hunt for such satellites to get to the bottom of the dark mystery.

"We were kind of lucky that the first one we looked at also had a satellite," Dr Vegetti said.

"If we find other galaxies or satellites, it will tell us whether we need to change the properties of dark matter; if we don't find enough, then dark matter must be different from what we think."

BBC news
18 January 2012 Last updated at 19:34 GMT

Dhow

週六, 十二月 17. 2011

在网际网路卫星通讯还没有无孔不入的时代,搭游轮确实是最迷人的旅行方式之一,它是一个封闭的临时社会,在到达之前你哪儿也去不了,于是可以开始享受一种被囚禁的快感,观察在同条船上的人,参加他们的象征秩序,或一个人到甲板上去阅读,看海,散散步,回忆。因为船的缓慢,因为被动,你的身体开始渐渐融入大海的韵律,在泛泛波光上体验一种叫宿命感的东西。那时的远方就是远方,登上游轮总是一重大人生事件的终始。但真正的旅行者不会是因为一点点吃龙虾的排场而去坐游轮的,她/他可能是在阿拉伯海上随季风南向漂流,在载着动物,堆满西瓜椰枣番红花的帆船上和印度水手围坐在一起从一个大盘子里抓咖喱饭沾芒果酱吃,吃的差不多时用牛奶冲洗一下手指,加点糖,再搅搅,这便是一道甜食。有时也钓鱼,如果捕到了鲔鱼,船员们就会兴奋地说,oh, chicken of the sea,然后还是做成咖喱,最多是加点椰汁, 美味相当 (衣服不穿可以,饭菜里不加香料他们绝不忍耐)。厕所是由两块环状的木板构成的,位在船的末端,如厕时必须爬到船缘外,练习凌空蹲马步。船上的每个夜晚都是观星大会,搭船的人都乐于说故事,用简单的辞汇沟通,并释出善意,早晨时穆斯林籍的水手都会准时铺开毯子开始礼拜,旅行者醒在甲板上,觉得船到任意一个港口靠岸都是很好的。船上没有人写航海日志,因为每天都是一样的过,吃过早餐就开始捣配午餐的香料,不同的只是季节和风向,而这些变化该发生时就会发生。这种还用六分仪定位,叫做dhow的帆船应该还是存在的,或许在波斯湾亚丁湾,或许去印度西岸非洲东岸找找就有了。

Re: Hanuman Chalisa

週五, 十二月 16. 2011





My salutaions to god hanuman .. this video is my tribute to bharatratna padmabhusan M.S.subbulakshmi amma....
english transliteration of the chalisa here follows:

Shree Gu-ru cha-ra-na sa-ro-ja ra-ja
Ni-ja ma-nu mu-ku-ru sud-haa-ri
Ba-ra-naun Rag-hu-ba-ra bi-ma-la ja-su
Jo daa-ya-ku pha-la chaa-ri
Bud-hi hee-na ta-nu jaa-ni-ke
Su-mi-raun pa-va-na ku-maa-ra
Ba-la bud-hi vid-yaa de-hu mo-hin
Ha-ra-hu ka-le-sa bi-kaa-ra
1. Ja-ya Ha-nu-maa-na gyaa-na gu-na saa-ga-ra
Ja-ya Ka-pee-sha ti-hun lo-ka u-jaa-ga-ra
2. Raa-ma doo-ta a-tu-li-ta ba-la dhaa-maa
An-ja-ni pu-tra Pa-va-na-su-ta naa-maa
3. Ma-haa-bee-ra bi-kra-ma ba-ja-ran-gee
Ku-ma-ti ni-vaa-ra su-ma-ti ke san-gee
4. Kan-cha-na ba-ra-na bi-raa-ja su-be-saa
Kaa-na-na kun-da-la kun-chi-ta ke-saa
5. Haa-tha baj-ra au-ra dva-jaa bi-raa-jai
Kaan-dhe moon-ja ja-neu saa-jai
6. Shan-ka-ra su-va-na Ke-sa-ree nan-da-na
Te-ja pra-taa-pa ma-haa ja-ga ban-da-na
7. Vi-dyaa vaa-na gun-ee at-i chaa-tu-ra
Raa-ma kaa-ja ka-ri-be ko aa-tu-ra
8. Prab-hu cha-ri-tra su-ni-be ko ra-si-yaa
Raa-ma Lak-ha-na See-taa ma-na ba-si-yaa

Raama-na svaane Janeki, Jai guru Hanumanaki

9. Sooksh-ma roo-pa dha-ri Si-ya-hin di-khaa-vaa
Bi-ka-ta roo-pa dha-ri Lan-ka ja-raa-waa
10. Bhee-ma roo-pa dha-ri a-su-ra san-ghaa-re
Raa-ma-chan-dra ke kaa-ja san-vaa-re
11. Laa-ya sa-jee-va-na Lak-ha-na ji-yaa-ye
Shree Rag-hu-bee-ra ha-ra-shi u-ra laa-ye
12. Rag-hu-pa-ti keen-hee ba-hu-ta ba-raa-i
Tu-ma ma-ma pri-ya Bha-ra-ta-hi sa-ma bhaa-i
13. Sa-ha-sa ba-da-na tum-ha-ro ja-sa gaa-vai
A-sa ka-hi Shree-pa-ti kan-tha la-gaa-vai
14. Sa-na-kaa-di-ka Brah-maa-di mu-nee-saa
Naa-ra-da Saa-ra-da sa-hi-ta A-hee-saa
15. Ya-ma Ku-be-ra di-ga-paa-la ja-haan-te
Ka-bi ko-bi-da ka-hi sa-ke ka-haan-te
16. Tu-ma u-pa-kaa-ra Su-gree-va-hin keen-haa
Raa-ma mi-laa-ya raa-ja pa-da deen-haa

Raama-na svaane Janeki, Jai guru Hanumanaki

17. Tum-ha-ro man-tra Vi-bhee-sha-na maa-naa
Lan-ke-sh-va-ra bha-ye sa-ba ja-ga jaa-naa
18. Yu-ga sa-ha-sra yo-ja-na pa-ra bhaa-nu
Leel-yo taa-hi ma-dhu-ra pha-la jaa-nu
19. Prab-hu mu-dri-kaa me-li muk-ha maa-heen
Ja-lad-hi laan-ghi ga-ye a-cha-ra-ja naa-heen
20. Dur-ga-ma kaa-ja ja-ga-ta ke je-te
Su-ga-ma a-nu-gra-ha tum-ha-re te-te
21. Raa-ma du-aa-re tu-ma rak-ha-vaa-re
Ho-ta na aa-gyaa bi-nu pai-saa-re
22. Sa-ba suk-ha la-hai tum-haa-ree sha-ra-naa
Tu-ma rak-sha-ka kaa-hu ko da-ra-naa
23. Aa-pa-na te-ja sam-haa-rau aa-pai
Tee-non lo-ka haan-ka ten kaan-pai
24. Bhoo-ta pis-haa-cha ni-ka-ta na-hin aa-vai
Ma-haa-bee-ra ja-ba naa-ma su-naa-vai

Raama-na svaane Janeki, Jai guru Hanumanaki

25. Naa-sai ro-ga ha-re sa-ba pee-raa
Ja-pa-ta ni-ran-ta-ra Ha-nu-mat-a bee-raa
26. San-ka-ta ten Ha-nu-maa-na chu-raa-vai
Ma-na kra-ma ba-cha-na dhyaa-na jo laa-vai
27. Sab pa-ra Raa-ma ta-pas-vee raa-jaa
Ti-na ke kaa-ja sa-ka-la tu-ma saa-jaa
28. Au-ra ma-no-ra-tha jo ko-ee laa-ve
So-ee a-mi-ta jee-va-na pha-la paa-ve
29. Chaa-ron yu-ga pa-ra-taa-pa tum-haa-raa
Hai pa-ra-sid-ha ja-ga-ta u-ji-yaa-raa
30. Saa-dhu san-ta ke tu-ma rak-ha-vaa-re
A-su-ra ni-kan-da-na Raa-ma du-laa-re
31. Ash-ta sid-hi nau nid-hi ke daa-taa
As-a ba-ra dee-na Jaa-na-kee Maa-taa
32. Raa-ma ra-saa-ya-na toom-ha-re paa-saa
Sa-daa ra-ho Ra-ghu-pa-ti ke daa-saa

Ashi-ta siddhi nava nedige dasa, Asa bara din Janeki Mata
Rama na sa yena tumare pasa, sada ra ho pate ge dasa

Raama-na svaane Janeki, Jai guru Hanumanaki

33. Tum-ha-re bha-ja-na Raa-ma ko paa-vai
Ja-na-ma ja-na-ma ke duk-ha bi-sa-ra-vai
34. An-ta kaa-la Rag-hu-ba-ra pu-ra jaa-ee
Ja-haan jan-ma Ha-ri bhak-ta ka-haa-ee
35. Au-ra de-va-taa chi-ta na dha-ra-ee
Ha-nu-ma-ta se-ee sar-va suk-ha ka-ra-ee
36. San-ka-ta ka-tai mi-te sa-ba pee-raa
Jo su-mi-re Ha-nu-ma-ta ba-la bee-raa

37. Jai Jai Jai Ha-nu-maa-na Go-saa-ee

Kri-paa ka-ra-hu gu-ru-de-va kee naa-ee
38. Jo sa-ta baa-ra paa-ta ka-ra ko-ee
Choo ta-hi ban-di ma-haa suk-ha ho-ee
39. Jo ya-ha pa-rai Ha-nu-maa-na chaa-lee-saa
Ho ya sid-hi saa-khee Gau-ree-saa
40. Tu-la-see-daa-sa sa-daa Ha-ri che-raa
Kee je naa -ta hri-da-ya ma-han de-raa

Raama-na svaane Janeki, Jai guru Hanumanaki ...

Pa-va-na ta-na-ya san-ka-ta ha-ra-na
Man-ga-la moo-ra-ti roo-pa
Raa-ma Lak-kha-na See-taa sa-hi-ta
Hri-da-ya ba-sa-hu su-ra bhoo-pa
Si-yaa va-ra Raa-ma-chan-dra pa-da jai sha-ra-nam

雜評 - 有夢想,但夢想是什麼

週四, 十二月 15. 2011

http://commentshk.blogspot.com/2011/12/blog-post_9193.html

Michael Palin's Around The World In 80 Days in 1980s

週四, 十二月 15. 2011

Episode 1 - The Challenge



Episode 2 - Arabian Frights



Episode 3 - Ancient Mariners



Episode 4 - A Close Shave



Episode 5 - Oriental Express


Episode 6 - Far East And Farther East


Episode 7 - Dateline To Deadline


Ramayan

週二, 十一月 29. 2011

這特效搞得真是... 觸目驚心啊,拙到點子上了,我喜歡



How can musicians keep playing despite amnesia?

週一, 十一月 21. 2011

By Martin Vennard BBC World Service


Scientists are trying to understand how amnesiacs can lose all memory of their past life - and yet remember music. The answer may be that musical memories are stored in a special part of the brain.

When British conductor and musician Clive Wearing contracted a brain infection in 1985 he was left with a memory span of only 10 seconds.

The infection - herpes encephalitis - left him unable to recognise people he had seen or remember things that had been said just moments earlier.

But despite being acknowledged by doctors as having one of the most severe cases of amnesia ever, his musical ability and much of his musical memory was intact.

Now aged 73, he is still able to read music and play the piano and once even conducted his former choir again.

Now researchers believe they are closer to understanding how musical memory is preserved in some people - even when they can remember almost nothing of their past.
Clive Wearing conducting the Europa Singers in Arezzo, Italy, 1984 Clive Wearing conducting a choir seven months before his illness

At a Society for Neuroscience meeting in Washington this month, a group of German neurologists described the case of a professional cellist, referred to as PM, who contracted herpes encephalitis virus in 2005.

He was unable to retain even simple information, such as the layout of his apartment.

But Dr Carsten Finke of Charite University Hospital in Berlin says he was "astonished" that the cellist's musical memory was largely intact and that he was still able to play his instrument.

The brain's medial temporal lobes, which are largely destroyed by severe cases of herpes encephalitis are "highly relevant" for remembering things such as facts and how, where and when an event happened.

"But this case and also the Clive Wearing case suggest that musical memory seems to be stored independently of the medial temporal lobes," Dr Finke says.

Musical therapy

He has also studied the case of a Canadian patient who in the 1990s lost all musical memory after having surgery that damaged another part of the brain known as the superior temporal gyrus.
Continue reading the main story
“Start Quote

When the music stops he falls back into this abyss”

Deborah Wearing

This has led him to conclude that the structures of the brain used for musical memory "might be the superior temporal gyrus or the frontal lobes".

Dr Finke says more research is needed to confirm this hypothesis.

"But what is really new in this case is that we could show that in such a severe and dense amnesia there's still an island intact of memory, the musical memory," he says.

Dr Finke thinks it may be possible to use this to improve PM's rehabilitation and that of other amnesiacs.

"It's very interesting to know that in these patients the memory is intact at all, so it could be used as a gateway to these patients. You could think about maybe coupling special music to activities like taking medication.

"They can also do musical therapy, starting to play music again and by doing this gaining some quality of life," he says.

Such techniques should be applicable to both musicians and non-musicians as they share the same memory systems.

"We know that musicians have differently adapted brains - some areas of the brain are larger than in non-musicians, but it's not so easy to think that they develop a new system," he says.

Damaged lobes

Musical memory isn't necessarily the same as other types of memory, says Dr Clare Ramsden a neuro-psychologist with Britain's Brain Injuries Rehabilitation Trust, which is studying the case of three musicians, including Mr Wearing.
Clive Wearing and his wife Deborah at the piano Clive Wearing plays well, but he has no memory of having played before

"That's potentially because it isn't just knowledge. It's something you do," Dr Ramsden says.

Different aspects of playing music involve different parts of the brain, she has concluded.

"The research we're doing is starting to show that people with damage to mainly their frontal lobes, their musical skills are affected differently to people like Clive whose medial temporal lobes are damaged.

"Clive can still play and read music, but people with frontal lobe injuries might have difficulty reading and performing a piece of music for the first time, but are better at pieces they already know," Dr Ramsden says.

Prof Alan Baddeley of the University of York, who has written study papers on Mr Wearing, said he was not surprised by the findings of the German team.

"PM's case is a very good example that memory isn't unitary, that there's more than one kind of memory," he said.

"Amnesia doesn't destroy habits, but sufferers do lose the ability to acquire and retain information about new events."

Handel's Messiah

Clive Wearing's wife Deborah has written a book, Forever Today, about how their lives have been affected by his amnesia. She says all his musical skills are still intact.
Clive and Deborah on their wedding day in 1983 Clive and Deborah Wearing were married in 1983

"If you give Clive a new piece of music he sight reads it and plays it on the piano, but you can't say he's learnt it," she told the BBC World Service.

But she adds: "Clive has no knowledge of ever having played the piano or whether he still can."

He has lived in specialist residential care since 1992, having spent his first seven years of illness in a secure psychiatric unit.

"Even though he's had a piano in his own room for 26 years he doesn't know it until it's pointed out to him."

Ms Wearing says her husband's performance does improve, when he plays a piece regularly, even though he has no memory of having played the piece or anything else before.
Extract from Clive Wearing's diary in 1990 Extract from Clive Wearing's diary in 1990, where he records the moment he woke up over and over again

However, she says he does remember things he has known all his life or performed regularly. "He learnt Handel's Messiah as a child and can still sing it," she says.

She says he remembers her and their mutual love and that music is a wonderful pastime for both of them.

"Music is a place where we can be together normally because while the music's going he's totally himself. He's totally normal.

"When the music stops he falls back into this abyss. He doesn't know anything about his life. He doesn't know anything that's happened to him ever in his life."

Trololo 10 hours

週六, 十一月 19. 2011



看得见的城市

週二, 十一月 15. 2011

http://v.ifeng.com/news/society/201111/c35f2ce5-e6ce-4197-b8df-53825e485131.shtml

這幾天好像荷蘭作家很紅,呵

Killer Joke

週二, 十一月 15. 2011